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By: Amina Okada(Author)
Genre: Art, Architecture & Photography
Publisher: Five Continents Editions; 01 edition (1 Jan. 1999)
Format: pdf doc docx mobi djvu epub ibooks (*An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.)
The original title of the book: A Jewel of Mughal India: The Mausoleum of I'timad Ud-Daulah (Ex Oriente Lux Series)
At Agra (India) rises a white marble mausoleum whose walls are studded with encrustations of semi-precious stones and decorated with exquisite and refined paintwork. Though less renowned than the celebrated Taj Mahal (1632-43), the mausoleum of I'timad ud-Daulah is nevertheless one of the undisputed gems of seventeenth-century Mughal art. The mausoleum was erected at the end of emperor Jahangir's reign (1605-27) and completed in 1628. Jahangir's wife, Nur Jahan, built it to shelter the mortal remains of her father, Mirza Ghiyas Beg, and of her mother. Originally from Persia, Mirza Ghiyas Beg was appointed to the service ofemperor Akbar. With the accession to the throne of Jahangir and through the marriage of the emperor to his daughter, Nur Jahan, Mirza Ghiyas Beg's power and influence kept growing. Besides being appointed chief Minister, Mirza Ghiyas Beg was also honored with the prestigious title of I'timad ud-Daulah, "the Pillar of the State". As a precursor of the Taj Mahal the mausoleum of I'timad ud-Daulah shows a certain number of architectural or decorative biases which were to enjoy great favor under the reign of the Mughals. Among them are the white marble facing covering the total surface of the structure, the corner turrets that turn into minarets, the profusion of the encrustations displaying striking polychrome inlays on the opalescent whiteness of the walls, and the predilection for bouquets and floral motifs fraught with paradisiac symbolism. Built in the midst of a large symmetrical garden planned according to the Persian model of the quadripartite garden, the mausoleum projects toward the sky its four corner towers topped by small kiosks. The external walls are decorated with delicate encrustations of polychrome stones of different size and nature--onyx, jasper, topaz, agate or carnelian--featuring boughs, vine branches, flowers, cypress trees, vases and jugs, or reproducing endless geometrical patterns, herringbone motifs, or hexagonal stars. Even more spectacular the mausoleum's internal ornamentation combines paintwork and stone inlays. Walls, ceilings and niches are decorated with mural paintings and with painted or carved stucco reliefs in a combination of vivid colours in which ochres, reds and greens predominate. Painted motifs reproduce trees of different species, vases filled with flowers and leaves, vine branches and bunches of grapes, but also bowls overflowing with fruit and trays filled with pomegranates -- motifs representing as many symbols, metaphors and visual counterpoints to the Koranic descriptions recalling the delights of the Garden of Eden.
Amina Okada is curator of the Indian collections of Musee National desArts Asietiques-Guimet.
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By: Malika Zeghal(Author) George A. Holoch(Translator)
We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully: any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully: any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
If now is the first time that they can speak openly then it is also our first chance to listen.But, though you know it already, I like to say it again, because I can never say often enough how grateful I am to those who told the world first of Arthur, of Guinevere, of Lancelot, and of Gawain: of Galahad, of Percivale, and of Percivale's sister: of the Siege Perilous and of the Holy Grail.Nous esperons que les ouvrages de cette nouvelle collection vous apporteront entiere satisfaction.The individual commentaries collected here are written by respected scholars, and they break open the biblical texts in a lively fashion.B bei fortschreitender Normung ihre Anwendungs: moglichkeit weiter erheblich gesteigert werden wird.We hope that you will enjoy this wonderful classic book, and that the occasional imperfection that it might contain will not detract from the experience.
By: Tim Flach(Author)
A life worth living is worth recording, and what better place than this journal?A life worth living is worth recording, and what better place than this journal?
He hadn't cleared this with his superiors though as it was a very personal issue.A poem is an energy capsule, a container of what rsquo:s not to be contained.Filled with moving stories and informed by the latest science, Unstrange Minds is a powerful testament to a father's quest for the truth.And she illustrates that equitable solutions depend on a healthy group dynamic.Excerpt from University of Illinois Song BookWomen's League of the University of Illinois, in response to an urgent demand from both the faculty and the student body.The main aim of the present report is to give values of dose coefficients for workers using this new model.